Características de la arquitectura Inca

Los Incas desarrollaron un estilo altamente funcional de arquitectura pública que se distinguió principalmente por sus técnicas avanzadas de ingeniería y de trabajo fino de la piedra además se caracterizaban por su sencillez y sobriedad al momento de su elaboración, armonizando con el paisaje que las rodeaba.  El plano de sus ciudades estaba basado en un sistema de avenidas principales atravesadas por calles más pequeñas que convergían en una plaza abierta rodeada de edificios municipales y templos. Las estructuras eran de un solo piso, con un perfecto ensamblado de piedras talladas; también se usaban ladrillos de adobe y paja en las regiones costeras, en las construcciones Incas Dentro de las características mas comunes podemos especificar la solidez que poseían sus construcciones debido a que construían los muros a base de piedras debidamente talladas y pulimentadas, las que encajaban perfectamente las unas con las otras sin  la necesidad de algún material que las uniera, esta solidez tan particular que se aprecia en las construcciones se ha conservado de manera absolutamente asombrosa a lo largo del tiempo permitiendo la casi perfecta conservación de las construcciones incaicas ejemplo la gran fortaleza de Sacsayhuamán y la espectacular ciudadela andina ubicada en Machu Picchu.  Otro factor de relevancia es la sencillez con la que adornaban y construían sus obras arquitectónicas, ya que, en casi la gran mayoría de los casos los colores con los que se adornaban estas eran plenamente colores suaves y sobrios que no llamaban demasiado la atención.  Quizás uno de las principales características ya sea por importancia en las figuras arquitectónicas como en la relevancia de las técnicas utilizadas en sus construcciones, la simetría  forma trapezoidal (anchos en la base y delgados en la parte superior), ello se debía a que las piedras descansaban directamente sobre el suelo ya que no emplearon cimientos .Las puertas también eran trapezoidales no utilizaban ventanas , pero si hornacinas o nichos que los labraban a los lados de las entradas de los monumentos.

  

Las piedras mas comunes utilizadas fueron el granito, diorita, piedra caliza, y andesitas, en algunas de ellas las piedras apropiadas podían ser seleccionadas de desprendimientos naturales o en la gran mayoría de los casos ellos mismos desprendían las rocas utilizando palancas de bronce o de maderas respectivamente.  La fina mampostería de piedra labrada es usualmente clasificada en tres principales categorías poligonal, rectangular, e irregular.  Las poligonales son usadas mas comúnmente para construir paredes de retención de andenes y la canalización de ríos, algunas piedras que componen estas construcciones miden alrededor de 100 toneladas métricas. Los andenes de Sacsayhuaman son los más conocidos y ejemplos de esta construcción.   Se sabe que los principales talladores de piedras del imperio eran los denominados collas, provenientes del altiplano y que muchos de ellos fueron llevados al Cuzco para servir al estado en estas relevantes funciones.

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Comentarios

ta elgante y puedo encontrar todas mis tareas garcias que dios les vendiga

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este fue la mejor bobades del peru andino y los chilenos son gays

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la unica les eres tu que no apresias lo bueno las riquesas de los paises.

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para mi la arquitectura inca es un asco primitivo para los seres cagalones que siempre se orinan en sus pantalones

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el unico asco que por desgracia dio la naturaleza eres tu... ignorante

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Disculpa pero creo que ni tu ni nadie podría construir semejante obra sin ayuda de tecnología 

Ubicate

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aprende a apreciar las cosas ..y apreciarte a ti misma para que dejes de hablar asi niña.

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