La cultura Chavín y la importancia de su arquitectura

 

Nos encontramos con una de las culturas más importantes de las culturas sudamericanas. Sin duda una de las primeras muestras del esplendor andino la cultura Chavín.

 

Ubicada cronológicamente entre los siglos IX y V a. de C. aproximadamente y en relación a su ubicación geográfica se situaría en el altiplano norte, donde se sitúa el núcleo urbano de esta cultura: Chavín de Huántar.  

Las ruinas de Chavín de Huántar están ubicadas a 3.200 m.n.n.m. y consisten en una serie de estructuras de forma piramidal, con plazas y estrechos pasajes, varios templetes conectados,  y terrazas de distintos niveles unidas por espectaculares graderías de material pétreo, siendo una de las principales muestras urbanas y arquitectónicas destacables dentro de los andes Peruanos. 

 

La construcción más característica del recinto  es el castillo  que es la edificación básica y dominante del sitio entero. El edificio presenta construcciones de distintos periodos por lo que suele separarse en los que es el antiguo templo y el nuevo templo.   En cuanto al templo  antiguo, su construcción tiene forma de U, ósea, compuesto por un edificio principal y dos construcciones a los costados, que cierran  por  tres lados un patio de forma rectangular abierto hacia el este, al interior de esta construcción se aprecian habitaciones y galerías y sobre las paredes  aun resisten el paso del tiempo, restos de pinturas decorativas.

 

Es importante mencionar que la forma que posee el templo de U, predomina durante el periodo en toda la zona de influencia  Chavinense incluso durante parte del Tahuantinsuyo.

 

En el caso del templo nuevo se le da mayor importancia a la elaboración de un recinto que albergue gran parte de la cosmovisión de la sociedad, por lo que su construcción debía ir de acuerdo a esos patrones de ahí el preciso y esmerado trabajo en la confección de los muros, los que superponían en un orden preciso, esto quiere decir que a una hilera de piedras de tamaño grande la seguían dos de tamaño menor  y así sucesivamente hasta alcanzar la cima.

 

La cultura Chavín en resumen es la primera y gran muestra de desarrollo y progreso arquitectónico de las sociedades andinas, aunque también posea sus retractores, por que se cree que su cultura no es originaria del Perú  sino más bien proveniente de mesoamérica

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Comentarios

es locaso lei todo y me parecio interesante

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hay pofr favor esto es lo mas ridiculo q e visto ovio no me ayuda en nada
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Nada que ver esto es dmsssss útil

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esta información es muy detallada y por eso la eligo para hacer mi tarea!!!!!!!!! xD

 

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Oe busca mas informacion pz imbecil de mie rda

q eres burro o q

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Oe busca mas informacion pz imbecil de mie rda

q eres burro o q se listo tarantado

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dime cual es la importancia d la cultura chavinnn!

 

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hola quiero buscar de la cultura chavin

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Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It will always be helpful to read content from other authors and practice a little something from their websites.
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especifica bien cual es la arquitectura de la  cultura chavin

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fue lokaso pz

 

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BUENO A MI ME PARECE MUY BUENA INFORMACION Y MUY BUENA PAGINA , QUE SIRVE PARA INVESTIGAR

....=)****CHAUUUU  XD

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me parece muy interesante porq nos enseña la importancia y valoracion e la culturta chavin y para de esa mabera ps podamos saber y contener ymformacion sobre la importabncia de la cultura chavin

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busco informasion corta y brebe delas culturas anteriores a los incas porfis ayudenme

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Es simple eres una simple tonta y ese es la respuesta

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por favoreso lo llaman enseñar por favor si saben aganlo y sino no lo hagan okhay

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es verdad

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Si😘

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ni me enseña nada de lo q pido

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Me gustas mucho💝

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